18th Century

Sort by:


invented by John hadley Thomas godfrey

The octant, also called reflecting quadrant, is a measuring instrument used… 

Flying shuttle

invented by John kay

The flying shuttle was one of the key developments in the industrialization of… 


invented by William Cullen

The term refrigeration means cooling a space, substance or system to lower… 

Steam engine

invented by James Watt

A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as… 


invented by Nicolas-joseph cugnot

A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation. Most… 

Weighing scale

invented by Richard Salter

A scale or balance is a device to measure weight or mass. These are also known… 

screw-cutting lathe

invented by Jesse Ramsden

A screw-cutting lathe is a machine (specifically, a lathe) capable of cutting… 

Sewing machine

invented by Thomas Saint

A sewing machine is a machine used to sew fabric and materials together with… 


invented by claude Chappe

Telegraphy is the long-distance transmission of messages where the sender uses… 

Cotton Gin

invented by Eli Whitney

A cotton gin – meaning “cotton engine” – is a machine that… 

Hydraulic press

invented by Joseph Bramah

A hydraulic press is a machine press using a hydraulic cylinder to generate a… 


invented by Alois Senefelder

Lithography (from Ancient Greek λίθος, lithos ‘stone’, and… 


invented by Samuel Bentham

Plywood is a material manufactured from thin layers or “plies” of… 


invented by Edward Jenner

Edward Jenner develops the first successful vaccine, the smallpox vaccine. 

Smallpox vaccine

invented by Edward Jenner

The smallpox vaccine was the first vaccine to be developed against a contagious… 

Air compressor

invented by Geaorge Medhurst

An air compressor is a pneumatic device that converts power (using an electric… 

Suggest an invention you think it should be here


Inventions that changed the world