19th Century

Sort by:

Voltaic pile

invented by Alessandro Volta

The voltaic pile was the first electrical battery that could continuously… 

Arc lamp

invented by Humphry Davy

An arc lamp or arc light is a lamp that produces light by an electric arc (also… 


invented by Friedrich Serturner

Morphine is a pain medication of the opiate family that is found naturally in a… 

Steam locomotive

invented by richard trevithick

A steam locomotive is a rail vehicle that provides the force to move itself and… 

General anesthetic

invented by Hanaoka Seishu

General anaesthetics (or anesthetics, see spelling differences) are often… 

Internal combustion engine

invented by

An internal combustion engine (ICE or IC engine) is a heat engine in which the… 


invented by Nicolas appert

Canning is a method of food preservation in which food is processed and sealed… 


invented by Abraham Louis Breguet

A watch is a portable timepiece intended to be carried or worn by a person. It… 

Printing press

invented by Friedrich Koenig

A printing press is a mechanical device for applying pressure to an inked… 

Safety lamp

invented by William Reid Clanny

A safety lamp is any of several types of lamp that provides illumination in… 

Planing machine

invented by James Fox

A planer is a type of metalworking machine tool that uses linear relative… 

Electric telegraph

invented by Francis Ronalds

An electrical telegraph was a point-to-point text messaging system, used from… 

Stirling engine

invented by Robert Stirling

A Stirling engine is a heat engine that is operated by the cyclic compression… 

Dandy horse

invented by Karl Von Drais

The dandy horse, a derogatory term for what was first called a Laufmaschine (in… 

Tunnelling shield

invented by

A tunnelling shield is a protective structure used during the excavation of… 

Mechanical Computer

invented by Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage, considered the “father of the computer”, begins… 


invented by Nicéphore Niépce

Nicéphore Niépce invents Heliography, the first photographic process. 

First lighter

invented by

A lighter is a portable device which generates a flame, and can be used to… 

Bolt-action rifle

invented by Johann Nikolaus Von Dreyse

Bolt action is a type of manual firearm action that is operated by directly… 


invented by William Sturgeon

An electromagnet is a type of magnet in which the magnetic field is produced by… 

Suggest an invention you think it should be here


Inventions that changed the world